PUPPY PROOFING YOUR HOME
Puppies learn, like babies, by putting everything in their mouth. Remember-If it is dangerous for a child, it is just as dangerous for your puppy. Some suggestions to make sure your home is safe for your puppy:
 


* Make sure all poisonous items are stored out of the puppy's reach. household cleaners, laundry detergents, bleach , insecticides mothballs, antifreeze, roach, ant and rat poisons- all of these can be fatal to a puppy.

* Check to see if your plants are toxic to your puppy. Some common household plants are poisonous to pets. Some of these are listed at http://dogpatch.org/plants.html or your vet might be able to provide you with a complete list.

* An exercise pen or baby's door gate will provide a way to confine the puppy in a small area, when you do not want him underfoot or are unable to watch him carefully.

* Breakables up out of reach.
* All wiring and cords put out of reach behind furniture, or encased in hard plastic flexible tubing (available at hardware stores, can be cut to size) A puppy who chews on an electric cord may receive a shock severe enough to kill her.
* Anything small enough to be swallowed (pennies, bounce balls, shoelaces, bits of paper, socks, nuts, bolts, wire) should be removed from the floor.
* Block access behind furniture wherever possible.
* Put children's toys and stuffed animals away. Some of these contain parts that can be chewed off and cause a choking hazard



EQUIPMENT:
Exercise Pen: A exercise pen provides a safe place for your puppy to play and is a good place to confine the puppy so that it cannot chew on table legs, shoes, etc. It only takes a few minutes to set up and take down. 

A Child Gate: The gate that is used for children to confine them to a room is helpful if you have a room with linoleum or tile that you want to confine them in after they are almost housetrained so that they can have more space and still not damage your carpets.

Crate: The crate can be plastic or wire. Buy the smallest size for a puppy for crate training. If it is too large, the puppy will use a corner for a bathroom area. It is possible to buy a medium size and stuff a pillow in the back to make it smaller until crate training is over. The puppy should be in the crate while traveling in a car for safety in case of a sudden stop or an accident.

Blanket or Towel for the crate: Baby blankets, receiving blankets or towels work great.

Leash and Collar: The harness type should be used for Yorkies to prevent damaging the trachea. The collar and leash should both be light weight.

Water and Food Dishes: They should be short enough that the puppy can drink easily and not tip over easily. The ceramic ones are easier to keep clean than the plastic and are also heavier, so that they don't tip over easily.

Comb: Combs with metal teeth work best to keep tangles and mats out of their hair. Grooming 3-4 times a week is best. Start this as soon as the puppy comes home.

Shampoo: There are several brands of dog shampoo available or use your shampoo for them. Watch that their skin and hair doesn't get dry. If it does, you will want to try a different brand. We have always used our shampoo on our Yorkies and like the way it makes their hair look.

Toys: They love the rope toys , toys with squeakers, and soft toys to sleep with. Examine the toy to make sure it is durable enough to be chewed on and has no parts that can be chewed off.

Doggie toothbrush and toothpaste: You will want to start brushing their teeth at a young age to get them used to it. Tartar can build up resulting in bad breath and lose of teeth if they are not brushed. A professional teeth cleaning is recommended by your veterinarian, to prevent periodontal disease. 




FEEDING YOUR PUPPY
Your puppy will be eating Royal Canin small breed puppy food. A small bag will be sent when the puppy comes home with you. This is a high quality puppy food formulated for the high energy and nutritional need of your new puppy. 


We keep the dry food available all the times. After the puppy is a little older, you can switch to feeding 3-4 times per day instead of keeping it out all day.

If you decide to switch to another brand of food, do it gradually, mixing in a little more of the other food each day.

Your puppy will try to convince you that it should be eating people food. The food formulated for the puppy is healthier for it providing the nutrients needed for good health and growth, so limit the amount of table food.

Treats are very important in training the puppy. Remember to give very small amounts, so that the puppy will still be hungry enough to eat his puppy kibble.



VACCINES:

Your puppy will be current on all their vaccination according to their age.  

Puppies are born with some immunity from the Dam that last for a short period of time, but this immunity wears off at different ages for different puppies. So it is important to continue the vaccinations, according to your vet's recommendations. A health record will be sent with the puppy for you to take to the vet on your first vet exam. This will include all current vaccination given. They will usually need 2-3 more sets 4-6 weeks apart.  

TEETHING:
Yorkies, like many toy dogs, have a tendency to retain their puppy teeth. At around 5 months of age they will have most of their adult teeth. If they have not lost their baby teeth, their teeth will be crowded and out of alignment.
The overlapping teeth allow bacteria and tartar to build rapidly which can lead to bad breath and premature loss of teeth. The puppy may need his baby teeth removed by the vet. It will have to have anesthesia to have the teeth removed. 

SPAY/NEUTER:
At the same time that the puppy is under anesthesia for the teeth to be removed is a good time to spay or neuter. This saves the puppy from having to have anesthesia twice. Talk to your vet about the health reasons to neuter or spay.

HEALTH CONCERNS:
Try not to let your puppy jump down from couches and beds. You need to protect their knees. They are too small to jump from high places. Never leave them unattended on higher places, they will fall or jump to be with you.
Always use a harness not a collar when you use a leash. This will protect their trachea.